KKK Post Civil War
Upon resolving the Civil War, the South remained bitter about their loss of their rights to enslave African Americans. During the presidency of Ulysses Grant, white supremacists conducted a rampant campaign of terror throughout the South targeted at Blacks and Republicans defiant of their cause. These supremacists were mostly made up of Southern Democrats soured over the political changes enacted by a Republican dominated federal government. The most organized and elite of these social groups were the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) which originated in Pulaski, Tennessee in 1865. This pseudo social club founded by former Confederates may have had innocent intention during its inception but it later changed into one of the United States most feared terrorist organization, the Klu Klux Klan (KKK). The Klu Klux Klan (KKK) would later be known to have been the instigator of countless acts of terror and thousand of deaths. These acts of terror by the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) often took form as riots that targeted Blacks and republicans. In 1866 a riot in Memphis, Tennessee left 46 people dead, 70 wounded and countless churches and schools burned to the ground. Two months later in New Orleans another Klu Klux Klan (KKK) riot targeted a black suffrage convention resulting in the deaths of 40.
The history of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) is strewn with countless deaths and terrorist acts. Despite these reigns of terror the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) grew and evolved into the hooded entity we associate with it today. The Klu Klux Klans (KKK) adopted their first leader or “Grand Wizard” by the name of Nathan Bedford Forrest. This Confederate general of the Civil war would later lead the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) into strategic militant attacks against their foes. The Klu Klux Klan (KKK) was composed of white southerners of all ranks in order to preserve a white dominated society. Klu Klux Klan (KKK) members engaged in acts of terror and murder towards newly emancipated Africans and Republicans that threatened their political standing.
During the election of 1868 Klu Klux Klan (KKK) members ramped up their violence and brutality in order to prevent Republican Ulysses S. Grant from enacting acts that would limit the powers of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) It is because of this fact that the majority of African Americans voted Republican. The Klu Klux Klan used this election as justification to murder over 2,000 people in Kansas. The inflictions imposed upon African Americans and republicans were very similar to these numbers in Louisiana and Georgia. Needless to say, come election time every single one of those states won decisive Democratic victories which served the best interests of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK).
These actions by the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) influenced many legislative acts with the intent of curbing the violence of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK). The history of the Kllu Klux Klan has shown that the actions of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) resulted in the dominant republican congress to pass the Fifteenth Amendment which gave blacks the right to vote. Other legislation that did not serve the best interests of the Klu Klux Klan were the Enforcement Acts which enacted harsher punishments for Klu Klux Klan (KKK) members for interfering with blacks government activities. As a matter of fact in 1871 the United States congress passed the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) Act which allowed the government to act against terrorist groups such as the Klu Klux Klan (KKK). This act was later declared unconstitutional in 1882 but not before hundreds of Klu Klux Klan (KKK) members were arrested. It was at this time in the history of the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) that the organization albeit active remained dormant until the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) gained power once again in the 1920’s.
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