Ku Klux Klan History
The KKK History
The American Civil War, which left 618,000 casualties, ended April 9, 1865. In the South however, another war has just began. It was the start of another turbulent era in the American History. The racial discrimination and issues that was one reason that spurred the war in the first place was causing so much bloodbath and killings post civil war. A hate group has been formed with an ultimate goal of letting the world know that they were opposed of slave freedom in the belief that the white race is superior to any other race. This white supremacy group started with simple scare tactics designed to drive away the black people, however their methods quickly escalated to violence and death of many African Americans in the South. The KKK wrecked havoc across the South marking this period as one of the darkest in the American history.
The KKK, or the Ku Klux Klan was a white supremacist group in America whose name was derived from a Greek word “Kyklos”, which means circle, suggesting a brotherhood or a band of brothers. The group was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee in the year 1865, by six veterans of the Confederate Army, J C. Lester, J R. Crowe, J D. Kennedy, C Jones, R R. Reed, and F O. McCord. The group upholds the “14 Words”, which revolves around their aim to secure the white children’s future. These words define the idealism of hard-core white supremacist. Main opponent of the society was the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
The American reconstruction after the civil war was centered on the country’s coming to terms with the freedom of the slaves. When the Republican Congress passed laws and constitutional amendments, which game the newly freed people the right to vote, hold office and equality among all, the defeated confederate met this with negative reaction and fought for the restoration of white supremacy all throughout the South.
The “Invisible Empire of the South”, was led by the Klan’s’ first “grand wizard” Nathan Bedford Forrest. In its entire existence, the Klan were active during years 1865 until 1870’s where the Ku Klux Klan members tormented and harmed many black Americans and anybody who tried to help them in any way, people who did not offer help to the newly freed slaves but refused to discriminate them in any way were also targeted in the attacks. The members quickly rose up to about 550,000 members who made the spread of violence and even death counts rampant and widespread.
The second insurgence rose in Georgia, between the period 1915 to 1944 where the members spiraled into 3,000,000 up to 6,000,000 during its peak between 1920 and 1925. The great number of members was due to the type of recruitment employed by the Klan, the modern business system. This second group of the notorious KKK demanded for a total Americanism, politics purification and was focused on attacking mainly private houses of Catholics. The second Klan had a formal fraternal organization with clear structure in national and state levels. The group slowly faded around 1940’s.
The third rising in 1946 opposing the Civil Right Movements. The KKK today is still a prominent hate group who continuously support the white pride in their goal of separating the other race from the “supreme white race”. With about 150 Klan chapters with around 5,000 members all over the nation, they continue supporting their Klan’s ideologies.
The first and the third rising of the hate group, The Ku Klux Klan has the most reported number of terrorism and violent attacks.
Klan members were widely known before to wear an elaborate costume of white robes and masks with a conical hat, both meant to scare the black Americans and slaves and to hide their true identity. They were known to mount their horses and roam around the town scaring people away and more often than not, the aim of this nightly prowl was to hunt for a newly freed slave and their allies and physically hurt them.
They attacked the black members if the Loyal League, black political leaders and any black American who holds a role in the society. There were reports of attacks and murders daily and the white supremacist group was also known to drive away the blacks from their land once they start gaining success.
Some KKK facts include coercing people to vote democratic, in fact, a Republican majority of 1071 voters in St. Landry Parish during the 1868 Presidential election, did not bother voting anymore after 2,000 people were killed just a few weeks before.
Getting more than enough of the Ku Klux Klan’s atrocities and crimes, armed black forces started to form their own defense in South Carolina, in the effort to protect their lives, family and rights.
In January 1871, Pennsylvanian Republican Senator John Scott was able to gather 12 volumes of horrendous testimonies against the Ku Klux Klan. This led to the conception of the Civil Rights Act of 1871, which is more known as the Ku Klux Klan Act and this act enabled then President Ulysses Grant to suspend the Habeas Corpus. When the Klan refused voluntary dissolution, the President ordered the arrest and prosecution of the members where African Americans were allowed to serve on juries. Hundreds of Klan members were brought to justice and imprisoned. The Klan was declared a terrorist group sometime in 1870 where hundreds of indictment for violence and terrorism. Many fled the South to escape prosecution. The Klan’s reign was destroyed in South Carolina and slowly spread all over the entire region.
The Klan today still exists and there are still about five included in the Anti-Defamation League. Most of their recent activities and sentiments about the superiority of the white race are widely available in KKK websites and Klan TV shows. You will also see many KKK pictures from all throughout the KKK History. KKK today is more of a secret society where they use KKK symbols and signs to identify each other.
Their focus today is not just mainly of African Americans but any other race and minorities. Historically, the Klansmen were considered as the nations’ first real terrorist group, today, many people consider most of their acts as mainly out of seeking attention.
Since President Obama was elected as US President, members of the society try to recruit more members in the effort to bring back the white supremacy in the United States of America. As a matter of fact, David Duke, an Ex-Grand Wizard, who was disqualified from running for president due to tax evasion case in 2002, said that if he were to become president of the US, he would stop all immigration in the US.
The KKK Today remains in contact with each other and perhaps waiting for the perfect opportunity to reign supreme.
The history of the KKK is wrought with white supremacy and acts of terror. This section of our site is dedicated to digging deep into the documented history of the Klux Klux Klan (KKK) in an unbiased and objective manner. These articles cover the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) from its inception post Civil War to the Klu Klux Klan (KKK) in today’s society years after racial equality was bought and paid for with the blood sweat and tears of Northern Unionists in the 1800’s. Every society has a history please allow the kkk to give you a bit of their history so that you can understand them better.
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